Curious Costa Rica

This small Latin American country is something of an interesting anomally. Costa Rica is located in the Central American isthmus, between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It is a privileged destination because of its location in the middle of the Western Hemisphere. Its varied landscapes and mild climate make this small country the perfect place to visit.

Why is Costa Rica an anomally? Well, for as start it is one of the few countries in the world that does not have an army, as it was abolished in 1949. It is also one of the world’s oldest republics, and it has a very good record, which is unusual in Latin America, on Human Rights.

Additionally, the Costa Ricans have an excellent record concerning environmental issues and aims to be the first `carbon neutral’ country by 2021.

Costa Rica is Spanish for `rich coast’, and there is no doubt that it is well-named. Bordering the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west it has a combined coastline of over 1500 kilometres (930 miles), with many excellent beaches, but is also renowned for its fishing, which is some of the best in the world. Costa Rica’s beaches are surrounded by forests, and have great natural diversity. In many of them there are beautiful coral reefs, where you may dive and explore. In addition, depending on the place visited, you have a series of complementary activities, such as: hikes to mangroves, diving, surfing, sport fishing, hiking on trails or horseback rides.

Costa Rican beaches include the bonus of being part of a complex pro-nature system known as the Ecological Blue Flag, award which has been given to 56 of the beaches that are distributed throughout the territory. This program is implemented thanks to Costa Rica´s commitment with sustainability and environmental protection. This guarantees tourists that beaches they visit have enough safety and cleanliness to spend well their vacations.

One of the reasons why the Costa Ricans are so keen on protecting their environment is because although their country only consists of 0.25% of the Earth’s landmass, it holds 5% of the world’s biodiversity, and they are keen to preserve such natural abundance. They have achieved that by creating national parks and many protected areas. Some of the magnificent natural areas that are under protection include Corcovado National Park, Tortuguero National Park and the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve. These reserves contain big cats, monkeys, tapirs, sloths, about 320 varieties of birds, many reptiles, including the world’s fastest reptile the spiny-tailed iguana, and colourful butterflies.

Costa Rica welcomes visitors and has good hotels and tour companies who can really assist in making your trip as enjoyable as possible.

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